A machine called MOXIE, stowed away on NASA’s Perseverance rover, can reliably convert carbon dioxide into a small tree’s worth of oxygen. During various tests, MOXIE steadily breathed in Martian atmosphere and breathed out at least six grams of oxygen an hour.
The results from Mars simulations, Project Sirius and project Mars-500, showed worrisome outcome - the astronauts become detached from mission control and almost autonomous with time.
Groups like Mars Habitat are dedicated to conducting simulated missions in analog environments. The lessons learned will not only prepare people to live and work in space but foster ideas for sustainable living here on Earth.
Scientists now propose using an insulating material called silica aerogel to make parts of the Martian surface friendlier to photosynthetic life. Perhaps an aerogel blanket could more easily melt the water on the Martian ice caps to make a small section of the planet habitable.
As part of their 3D-Printed Habitat Centennial Challenge, NASA recently awarded five teams with a total of $100,000 for their designs for Martian habitats.
The success of first harvest, which produced vibrant-looking lettuce, radishes, cucumbers, and other treats, represents a promising test run for similar greenhouses that could one day be built on Mars—or beyond.
MIT team designed an environmentally friendly city for the red planet that mimics a forest, with solar-powered dome tree habitats connected with roots, or tunnels.
Elon Musk just unveiled more of his grand plan for colonizing Mars. His rocket company, SpaceX, aims to land at least two cargo ships on the Red Planet in 2022 in order to place power, mining and life support systems there for future flights.
After spending eight months simulating life on Mars on the slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano, six "astronauts" emerged from their Hawaiian habitat to return to civilization.