The temperatures are being driven by human-induced climate change and the naturally-occurring weather pattern known as El Niño, scientists say. Last month was the hottest June on record, the EU's climate monitoring service Copernicus said on Thursday.
The UK research shows that unprecedented heat extremes combined with socioeconomic vulnerability puts certain regions, such as Afghanistan, Papua New Guinea, and Central America,most in peril.
According to the new paper, 16 of 35 planetary vital signs have now reached record extremes. That includes rises in the frequency of dangerous heat events, global tree cover loss from fires and the prevalence of the mosquito-borne dengue virus.
Extreme temperatures and serious wildfires getting to extreme proportions were recorded this summer in the northern hemisphere. Firestorms is a severe class of flames penetrating the upper limit of the troposphere.
Madagascar is experiencing levels of starvation at a scale described as “beyond belief”. 30,000 people are estimated to be experiencing the highest internationally recognized level of food insecurity, level 5, according to the UN.
Nations have delayed curbing their fossil-fuel emissions for so long that they can no longer stop global warming from intensifying over the next 30 years.
The extended “heat dome” could be a taste of the future for the Pacific Northwest as climate change reshapes weather patterns worldwide.
More people were displaced by weather disasters in 2020 than by violent conflicts. Further, the publication indicates the number of internally displaced people in the world reached the highest level in history.