Scientists have uncovered a new kind of electrical process in the human brain that could play a key role in the unique way our brains compute.Researchers have discovered that certain cells in the human cortex transmit signals in a way not seen before.
Using a cutting-edge imaging technology, US scientists examined more than 1 million cells in a 2-millimeter by 2-millimeter by 0.6 millimeter block of brain, and identified more than 70 different types of neurons.
Swedish researchers have identified four types of neurons in the peripheral auditory system, three of which are new to science. The analysis of these cells can lead to new therapies for various kinds of hearing disorders.
The Allen Institute for Brain Science has added the first data from human nerve cells to a publicly available database for researchers to explore and understand the building blocks of the human brain.
Different types of memories stored in the same neuron can be selectively erased, according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.
This week, a team of US researchers announced the successful production of a lab-grown neuron that could help heal spinal cord injuries by reestablishing the connection between brain and muscle.
A new study could change scientists' understanding of how the brain works - and could lead to new approaches for treating neurological disorders and for developing computers that 'think' more like humans.
Neuroscientists have identified the neural networks that connect the cerebral cortex to the adrenal medulla, which is responsible for the body's rapid response in stressful situations. These findings provide evidence for the neural basis of a mind-body connection.
IBM Research in Zurich has created the world's first artificial nanoscale stochastic phase-change neurons. IBM has already created a population of 500 of these artificial neurons and used them to process a signal in a brain-like way.
A new groundbreaking study in the journal Science Advances reveals that small “bridges” of multiple carbon nanotubes formed together to make a "sponge" support the growth of nerve fibers and can even connect individual nerve networks that have previously been severed.
Brain-like machines with human-like abilities to solve problems could become a reality, researchers say.
A step has been taken toward the possibility of tuning the strength of memory by manipulating one of the brain's signaling memory mechanisms, a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.