Neuroscientists Discover New Kind of Signal in the Human Brain

Scientists have uncovered a new kind of electrical process in the human brain that could play a key role in the unique way our brains compute.Researchers have discovered that certain cells in the human cortex transmit signals in a way not seen before.

Artificial synapses made from nanowires

Scientists have produced a memristive element made from nanowires that functions in much the same way as a biological nerve cell. The component is able to both save and process information.

First-of-its-kind cellular atlas identifies neurons

Using a cutting-edge imaging technology, US scientists examined more than 1 million cells in a 2-millimeter by 2-millimeter by 0.6 millimeter block of brain, and identified more than 70 different types of neurons.

Discovery of new neurons in the inner ear can

Swedish researchers have identified four types of neurons in the peripheral auditory system, three of which are new to science. The analysis of these cells can lead to new therapies for various kinds of hearing disorders.

Allen Institute shares first open database of live human brain cells

The Allen Institute for Brain Science has added the first data from human nerve cells to a publicly available database for researchers to explore and understand the building blocks of the human brain.

Select memories can be erased, leaving others intact

Different types of memories stored in the same neuron can be selectively erased, according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.

Lab-Grown Neurons Could Help Heal Spinal Injuries and Restore Movement

This week, a team of US researchers announced the successful production of a lab-grown neuron that could help heal spinal cord injuries by reestablishing the connection between brain and muscle.

Brain is ten times more active than previously measured

A new study could change scientists' understanding of how the brain works - and could lead to new approaches for treating neurological disorders and for developing computers that 'think' more like humans.

New devices emulate human biological synapses

A new type of nanodevice for computer microprocessors is being developed that can mimic the functioning of a biological synapse -- the place where a signal passes from one nerve cell to another in the body.

New insights into how the mind influences the body

Neuroscientists have identified the neural networks that connect the cerebral cortex to the adrenal medulla, which is responsible for the body's rapid response in stressful situations. These findings provide evidence for the neural basis of a mind-body connection.

IBM creates world's first artificial phase-change neurons

IBM Research in Zurich has created the world's first artificial nanoscale stochastic phase-change neurons. IBM has already created a population of 500 of these artificial neurons and used them to process a signal in a brain-like way.

Carbon Nanotubes Can Act As "Bridges" Between Living Neurons

A new groundbreaking study in the journal Science Advances reveals that small “bridges” of multiple carbon nanotubes formed together to make a "sponge" support the growth of nerve fibers and can even connect individual nerve networks that have previously been severed.

Scientists want to grow new neurons in old brains

A new technique preps donor neural stem cells and grafts them into an older brain. Could it someday be possible to replace brain cells and restore memory?

New "Artificial Synapses" Could Let Supercomputers Mimic the Human Brain

Brain-like machines with human-like abilities to solve problems could become a reality, researchers say.

Manipulation of specific neurons helps to erase bad memories, enhance good ones

A step has been taken toward the possibility of tuning the strength of memory by manipulating one of the brain's signaling memory mechanisms, a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.