The scientists made a startling observation when they observed that the atmosphere of Mars dramatically ballooned outwards because of a void created due to a powerful gust of solar wind.
Every lunar swirl identified to date coincides with a magnetic field over the lunar surface, which scientists think deflects solar particles. There also seems to be a connection between lunar swirls and lava tubes buried beneath them.
The model uses AI to analyze spacecraft measurements of the solar wind and predict where an impending solar storm will strike, anywhere on Earth, with 30 minutes of warning. This could provide just enough time to prepare for these storms.
This summer, humanity embarks on its first mission to touch the Sun: A spacecraft will be launched into the Sun's outer atmosphere.