The European Very Large Telescope participated in test coordinated by the International Asteroid Warning Network, successfully targeting, tracking and imaging a double asteroid as it flew within 5.2 million km of Earth on 25 May.
The novel GRAVITY instrument has discovered clumps of gas swirling around at about 30 per cent of the speed of light on a circular orbit just outside the innermost stable orbit of a four million mass black hole.
Observations have for the first time clearly revealed the effects of Einstein's general relativity on the motion of a star passing through the extreme gravitational field very close to the supermassive black hole.
Astronomers have discovered that both starburst galaxies in the early Universe and a star-forming region in a nearby galaxy contain a much higher proportion of massive stars than is found in more peaceful galaxies.
A team of researchers, using Europe’s Very Large Telescope in Chile, has found an exoplanet, WASP-96b, with a cloud-free atmosphere, allowing them to detect sodium in levels similar to abundances on Earth.
The Echelle SPectrograph for Rocky Exoplanet and Stable Spectroscopic Observations (ESPRESSO) has successfully made its first observations.
The Very Large Telescope in Chile has taken the deepest spectroscopic survey of space ever, with astronomers focusing on the Hubble Ultra Deep Field.
A new research study by a group of astronomers, based on observation using the VLTI, has created the most detailed map of a star other than the Sun.
ESO has signed an agreement with the Breakthrough Initiatives to adapt the Very Large Telescope instrumentation in Chile to conduct a search for planets in the nearby star system Alpha Centauri.
Astronomers working with the European Space Agency's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile have just announced that a black hole-observing device called GRAVITY is now fully operational and it's has already provided one accurate measurement.